ESTABLISHMENT OF MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT
The Ministry of Transport was established in January, 2009 by re-aligning the functions of the erstwhile Ministries of Aviation, Harbours and Railways and the Road Transport Services.
To create an integrated, cost effective, safe, secure and sustainable transportation system responsive to the needs of society, supporting growth and poverty reduction and capable of establishing Ghana as a transport hub of West Africa
To provide leadership and guidance for the development of Ghana’s transportation system through effective policy formulation, market regulation, asset management and service provision.
The Ministry derives its goals from the following:
1. The National Medium Term Development Plan
2. National Transport Policy
The goals are:
1. Establish Ghana as a Transportation Hub for the West African Sub-region
2. Create an accessible, affordable, reliable, safe, secure effective and efficient transport systems that meets user needs
3. Integrate land use, transport planning, development planning and service provision
4. Create a vibrant investment and performance based management environment that maximizes benefit for public and private sector investors.
5. Develop and implement comprehensive and integrated Policy, Governance and institutional frameworks.
6. Ensure sustainable development in the Transport Sector.
7. Develop adequate Human Resources and apply new technology.
The Ministry has oversight responsibility over the following sub-sectors
2. Maritime and Inland Water Transport
4. Road Transport Services
AGENCIES / FUNCTIONS
1.GHANA RAILWAY COMPANY LIMITED
Ghana Railway Company Ltd was established in 2001 under the companies code 1963(Act 179) to provide freight, parcel and passenger services using available resources
2. GHANA RAILWAY DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY
The Ghana Railway Development Authority was established under the Railways Act 2008,(Act 779) to
1. Promote the development of railways and railways services
2. Hold, administer and improve the railway assets and
3. Promote the development and management of sub-urban railway
GHANA CIVIL AVIATION AUTHORITY
Established under Ghana Civil Aviation Authority Act 2004 (Act 678), The GCAA regulates the Aviation Industry and Provides Air Navigation Services within the Accra flight information centre.
GHANA AIRPORTS COMPANY LTD
Established in 2006 under the companies code of 1963,(Act 179). The GACL is responsible for Planning, Development, Management and Maintenance of all public airports/ airstrips in the country
GHANA INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES LIMITED
Ghana International Airline Limited was established in November, 2004 and became operational in October, 2005,to carry out international and domestic air transportation
1. GHANA PORTS AND HARBOURS AUTHORITY
The Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority (GPHA) was established under Ghana Ports and Harbours Authority Law, 1986. (PNDC Law 160).The Authority is mandated to plan, build, develop, manage, operate and control ports in Ghana.
2. GHANA SHIPPERS’ COUNCIL
The Council was established by NRCD 254 of 1974 with the mandate to promote and protect the interest of importers and exporters (shippers) in Ghana.
3. GHANA MARITIME AUTHORITY
The Ghana Maritime Authority was established by the Ghana Maritime Authority Act 2002,Act 630 and charged with the responsibility of monitoring, regulating and coordinating activities in the maritime industry.
MARITIME AND INLAND WATER
REGIONAL MARITIME UNIVERSITY
The Regional Maritime University (RMU) Accra, Ghana is an International tertiary institution owned by the Republics of Cameroon, The Gambia, Ghana, Liberia and Sierra Leone. It provides Teaching and Learning with a focus on maritime education and training. She attained “University status on 25th October, 2007.
VOLTA LAKE TRANSPORT COMPANY
The Volta Lake Transport Company Limited was set up on February 23, 1970 and incorporated under the Companies Code 1963 (ACT 179) to operate as public carrier of all forms of water – borne transport, including hovercraft, for persons and/ or freight on the Volta Lake
PSC TEMA SHIPYARD AND DRYDOCK
PSC Tema Shipyard Drydock undertakes repairs of vessels and dry-docking. Sixty Percent (60%) of the original company PSC was divested to a Malaysian company.
1. NATIONAL ROAD SAFETY COMMISSION
The National Road Safety Commission (NRSC) was established by NRSC Act 1999 (Act 567) with the mandate to plan, develop, promote and coordinate policies in relation to them.
2. DRIVER & VEHICLE LICENSING AUTHORITY
The DVLA was established by the Driver and Vehicle Licensing Authority Act, 1999,Act 569 to promote good driving standards in the Country and ensure the use of roadworthy vehicles on the roads and in other public places.
3. METRO MASS TRANSIT LTD.
Incorporated in March 2003 as a Limited Liability Company under (Companies code 1963 Act. 179) to Provide safe, affordable, efficient and reliable movement of commuters within metropolitan and municipal areas.
1. INTERCITY STATE TRANSPORT COMPANY LTD
The State Transport Corporation was established as a State owned limited liability company under the Company’s Code 1963 Act 179 and renamed Intercity STC Coaches in 2001 to provide intercity road passenger transport services within and outside the country.
2. GOVERNMENT TECHNICAL TRAINING CENTRE
The Government Technical Training Centre (GTTC) was established in 1968 following a Technical cooperation Agreement between the Government of Ghana and the Federal Republic of Germany to Admit, Counsel and Train the Youth of Ghana in the Automotive Trades, ie Auto mechanics, Auto Electrical,Auto Body Repairs,Welding and Fabrication.
STATUS OF THE TRANSPORT SECTOR THE RAILWAY SUB- SECTOR FREIGHT & PASSENGER CARRIAGE IN THOUSAND TONNE-KM(2005-2008) CARRIAGE OF GOODS IN TONNES BYRAIL (2005-2008)
1. Ghana’s railway network is 947 kilometers of mostly single track rail of 1.067m (3´ 6″) gauge located in the Southern part of the country
2. With the exception of the 30-kilometre Takoradi-Manso section which is double track, the rest of the network is distributed on a single track system
3. The network has three main lines, the Western, the Eastern and Central Line with branch lines at Dunkwa –Awaso, Tarkwa-Prestea and Kojokrom-Sekondi on the Western line, Achimota-Tema on the Eastern line and Acheasi-Kade on the Central line
4. Signal and Telecommunication Network
EXISTING RAILWAY NETWORK
The Ghana Railway Act 2008(Act 779) has been passed to
1. Establish the Ghana Railway Development Authority
2. GRDA to regulate the activities of the rail sub-sector
3. Empower GRDA to exercise ownership rights over assets that are transferred to the authority from railway assets
4. Oversee the administration of the Railway Development Fund
5. Set and enforce safety and security standards for the construction and operations of the railways among others
1. The services provided are
a) Freight movement on the main network, particularly the Western line(goods include mineral ores, cocoa, cement, timber, food stuff etc
b) Passenger services on the main lines
c) Sub-urban services on the Accra-Nsawam and Accra- Tema line.
2. With the exception of partial operations on the Western line and the sub-urban rail services, the other lines (Eastern and Central) are not operational.
1. High and ageing labour force
2. Government monthly support for payment of salary
3. Poor track infrastructure resulting in partial operation of the Western and non operational Eastern and Central lines
4. High incidence of derailment
5. Inadequate/ aged rolling stock
6. Obsolete signal and telecommunication system
7. Encroachment of railway lands
8. Uncompleted sub-urban railway line
The wayforward is linked with the mandate of the Transport Sector as enshrined in the NDC Manifesto of 2008
1. As part of the long-term (10-20 years) development plans it is proposed to expand the railway network from Southern Ghana to Northern Ghana.
2. The sub-urban railway system will also be expanded to areas like Dansoman, Kasoa, Winneba, La, Teshie, Nungua and Dodowa.
3. A link from Tema to Akosombo is also proposed to facilitate multimodal transport between rail and the Volta Lake.(feasibility has already been done)
4. Rehabilitation and modernization of the existing lines
THE PROPOSED RAIL NETWORK FOR GHANAMODERNIZATION OF THE RAILWAY
The modernization of the railway system will include:
1. Conversion of existing gauge from 1067mm to 1435mm and to increase speed from 56 Kph to 160Kph
2. Increasing the axle load from 16 tonnes on the Western Line and 14 tonnes on Eastern and Central Lines to 25 tonnes.
3. Using Diesel Multiple Units (DMU) to operate the suburban rail services.
4. Installing modern signal and telecommunication system.
5. Completion of the Accra – Tema Shuttle Service to ease the traffic congestion in the metropolis.
2. Immediate intervention on Western Line to make it operational. Government has provided US $2 million for the intervention.
3. Rehabilitation of Locomotives and Rolling stock
4. Feasibility studies for rehabilitation of the main lines.ie Western, Eastern and Central
5. Staff rationalization programme
1. Rehabilitation of the main lines
2. Feasibility study for the new sub-urban rail service to Kasoa, Winneba, Madina etc
3. Feasibility study for expansion of lines to the North
4. Detail design and construction of the Tema-Akosombo multimodal freight service
5. Feasibility study on the proposed Ecowas line
1. Construction and extension of the rail lines to the North, Ecowas line and new sub-urban rail line
INTERNATIONAL AND DOMESTIC PASSENGER MOVEMENT FOR KIA (2005-2008)
% Increase of Annual Average International Passenger throughput= 14%
% Increase of Annual Average Domestic passenger throughput = 74%
Aircraft movement for the period shows a consistent upward trend at a growth rate of 10% Freight also shows an upward trend but dropped in 2008 5.3%
The figures indicate an overall positive growth in the Aviation Sector
AIR TRAFFIC STATISTICS (2004-2008) INTERNATIONAL
1. The Aviation industry in Ghana is served by one international airport(KIA). It has undergone rehabilitation in phases. Phase III has just started and involves among other things, Rehabilitation of the terminal building, construction of a new fire station, installation of passenger boarding bridges, rehabilitation taxiway etc
2. The Country also has four regional airports namely, Kumasi, Tamale,Takoradi and Sunyani. With the exception of Sunyani, these airports have undergone a 1st phase rehabilitation which has resulted in improved runways, construction of new VVIP lounges and rehabilitated terminal buildings
3. There are also a number of private and public airstrips located through out the Country
4. A General Aviation maintenance facility and a freight terminal at KIA
5. An assembly plant West African Aviation Solution Providers (WAASPS) in the Eastern region manufactures two and four seater ultra light aircraft for pilot training, medical and agric support services
LOCATION OF AIRPORTS & AIRSTRIPS ULTRALIGHT AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURED IN GHANA BY WAASPS REHABILITATED TAMALE AIRPORT
1. The industry is served by 19 foreign airlines and 4 Ghanaian carriers
2. The 4 Ghanaian carriers include GIAL which operates international services and 3 domestic carriers - Aero Survey, CTK Aviation and Antrak Air which provide domestic and sub-regional services
3. Two Ground Handling companies Aviance Ghana Ltd and Aviation Handling Services (AHS Menzies) provide passenger and ramp handling services at KIA
4. The industry is served by two Catering Companies, Airways Catering Ltd and First Catering Ltd.
1. Ghana Civil Aviation Act 2004(Act 678)
2. National Civil Aviation Policy
3. Ghana Civil Aviation Regulation, (LI 1824 & 1818)
4. Fully liberalized under Yamoussoukro Decision(YD)
- Unlimited access and frequencies to all carriers of African Union (AU) members States
5. Partial Liberalization with non African Union (AU) member States
1. Loss of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Category 1 status
2. Lack of fuel in the regional airports
3. The co-management agreement of the Upper Airspace of the Accra Flight Information Region (FIR) by Ghana, Togo and Benin poses serious financial and operational challenges to the Authority
4. High cost of financing and providing advanced technology Eg VSAT Communication devices
5. Litigation between shareholders of GIAL (Gov’t & Minority Shareholder)
6. Encroachment of Aviation (GCAA & GACL) lands
7. Lack of Title to Landed Properties and Assets
8. Lack of adequate Legal and Regulatory Empowerment of Ghana Airport Company
9. Inadequate Capitalization and Financial Constraints
10. Subsidy of Domestic operations
11. Use of Wet leased aircraft by GIAL for operations and non certification of the airline leading to continuous operational losses since inception
12. Impasse between Staff and Management of Airways Catering Ltd leading to the dismissal of some workers
1. Implementation of KIA-Phase III
- Supply & Installation of Passenger Boarding Bridges
- Supply of Electronics/Telecommunication Systems (CCTV, Baggage X-ray equipment, Access control etc)
- Upgrade of Electrical & Electro-mechanical equipment
2. Continuation of air transport liberalization policy by reviewing and negotiating new bilateral air services agreements
3. Upgrade Tamale airport as alternate International airport
1. Ratification of various Conventions.
2. Development of a National Aerodrome Plan to serve as guide for airport development
3. Restoration of Ghana to FAA Category 1
4. Ministry is in consultation with Attorney General’s Department to resolve the impasse between Management & Staff of Airways Catering Ltd which is currently in Court
5. A strong home-base carrier to be established to support the Aviation Hub
6. Encourage General Aviation operations.
7. Encourage Private Sector Participation in development of airport infrastructure and services
8. Human Resource Development
9. Cabinet is currently reviewing the operations of GIAL and will come out with the wayforward
CARGO AND CONTAINER THRUPUT (2004-2008)
1. Ghana has two sea ports in Takoradi and Tema.
2. Two Fishing Harbours at Tema and Sekondi
3. The Volta Lake transport system spans about 450 kilometers(navigable route) from the south to the north
4. The Regional Maritime University
5. Dry-dock facility in Tema is the largest in West and Central Africa.
1. Ghana Shipping Act
2. Ghana Maritime Security Act
1. SHIPPING SERVICES
The Ghana Shipper’s Council has opened Shipper Service Centers at Tema, Aflao, Elubo, Kumasi,Takoradi etc. to address shipper complaints
2. The two ports of Tema and Takoradi handle Ghana’s import and export Maritime Trade whiles the two Fishing Harbours handle the fishing industry
3. LAKE TRANSPORT
Provision of Passenger and Cargo services on the Volta Lake from Akosombo to Buipe and Cross Ferry Services along the banks at Yeji, Dambai, Kete-Krachi and Adawso
4. Transportation of solid-cargo and Petroleum Products between Akosombo(Eastern Region) and Buipe(Northern Region).
LANDING STAGE ALONG VOLTA LAKE
1. Inadequate legal regime to address challenges of the oil find which are;
a. Marine Pollution Legislation
b. Marine Insurance Legislation
c. Local Content Policy to address effective participation of Ghanaian labour in the industry
d. Inadequate Cabotage Legislation to regulate operations of Vessels within our maritime domain
7. Lack of funding
8. Inadequate surveillance of Ghana’s coast
9. Inadequate capacity for search and rescue
10. Inadequate capacity for oil pollution response
11. Lack of jetties and suitable landing facilities for berthing of craft along the lake
12. Lack of passenger reception facilities at the ferry stations
13. Uncharted fairways on water ways
14. Tree stumps and other obstacles on water ways
There is the need to put in place legislation to deal with the Marine Pollution , Safety, Security and Insurance.
A comprehensive Cabotage regime to regulate the activities of operators in Ghana’s Maritime domain
Inland Waterway regulations
2. Ratification of relevant Conventions
3. Provision of adequate surveillance system for Ghana’s Maritime domain
3. Development of New Container Terminal for Ports of Tema and Takoradi
4. Expansion of Port of Takoradi including oil service facilities
5. Need for adequate oil pollution preparedness and response system
6. Acquisition of patrol boats to enforce safety on the inland waterways.
7. Craft to serve accident prone areas like Tepa Abotoase
8. A Committee has been put in place to review and advise the Government on operations of the Shipyard to enable Government to make an informed decision on the operations of the Dry-dock
9. Construction of jetties and suitable landing facilities for the berthing of vessels and reception facilities for passengers
10. Feasibility study on improvement of Transportation on the Volta Lake
11. Charting of the navigational fairways, removal of tree stumps and provision of navigational aids on the Volta Lake.
VLTC PROJECTS UNDER GOG
- Rehabilitation of Ferry A for Lake crossing at Kete-Krachi
- Procurement of Marine Engine spare sparts for ferries at Yeji, Dambai and Adawso
- Peocurement of new Marine Engine for 3 ferry craft for faster crossing
- Improvement of existing landing stages at Yeji and Makango
- Construction of new landing stages at Bejamso, Awudzakope, Akuvikope,Torkponyo,Hausakope
VLTC PROJECT UNDER MIDA
1. Improvement of VLTC’s ferry crossing at Adawso to Ekyi-Amanfrom
2. Rehabilitation of floating dock at Akosombo
3. Construction of two (2) Double Ended Ferries
4. Improvement of landing stages at Adawso and Ekyi-amanfrom
5. Rehabilitation of passenger reception facilities at Adawso and Ekyi-Amanfrom
6. Removal of tree stumps on fairway of Adawso-Ekyi-Amanfrom Crossing
ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES
The Automation process started in 2008 and is about 60% complete. This will enable the authority to
a. Introduce a wide range of services on line
b. Streamline booking system for identified vehicles
c. Secure and maintain accurate data
d. Establish electronic off site archival and storage system
e. Interface data usage with other agencies
1. NEW NUMBERING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES
New numbering system introduced at beginning of 2009 that cannot be exhausted
2. RE-REGISTRATION OF MOTOR CYCLES
All Motor cycles registered before 2009 with white number plate backgrounds are currently being re-registered with a new numbering system with blue background
3. PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN VEHICLE TESTING
DVLA has granted initial authorization to (16) garages to construct testing stations
1. VEHICLE REGISTRATION
A total number of 1,096,391 vehicles had been registered as at July, 2009. Vehicle registration in the past five years(2004-2008) has been growing at an average annual rate of 7.5%
2. ROADWORTHINESS TEST
Annual average number of vehicles tested for roadworthiness is 614,325, representing 59% of the total number of vehicles registered in the country
3. On average, about 41% of all registered vehicles often fail to renew their roadworthiness certificates at DVLA Funding is inadequate and unsustainable
PASSENGERS CARRIED BY MMT(2002-2008)IN MILLIONS
Total No. of buses - 942
No. of non operational buses - 320
No. of buses operational - 622
Coverage area - Nationwide
FAMILIARIZATION VISIT TO MMT INTERCITY STC OPERATIONS
1. Passenger Services
Offers several classes of services including luxury class to the travelling public
2. Package Express
Undertakes rapid delivery of large, medium and small parcels to destinations in and around the company’s service stations
3. Valuations Services
Undertake accurate assessment of all classes of vehicles
4. Park and Ride
Facilities exist for customers who require security for their vehicles while they travel
CHALLENGES OF THE ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES SUB-SECTOR
1. Inadequate funding for road safety activities
2. Inadequate training facilities for Public Service & Heavy Goods Vehicle Drivers
3. Weak Road Traffic Crash Enforcement Capacity
4. Weak mandate of NRSC
5. Faking of DVLA documents by “Goro Boys”
6. Lack of equipment for Testing of Vehicles
7. Inadequate space for testing of vehicles in the regions
8. Failure of vehicle owners to bring their vehicles for roadworthiness test when due
MASS TRANSPORT (ISTC & MMT)
1. Ageing and dilapidated Infrastructure for STC and MMT
2. Obsolete tools and equipment for STC
3. Inadequate number of buses for intercity services by STC
4. Perennial flooding of compound of STC and MMT Accra head offices
5. STC has a legal problem for the supply of buses with a private importer costing the company about £ 800,000
6. Revenue leakage for bus companies
7. Absence of free bus lanes resulting in poor schedule of services for intra city service
8. Inadequate infrastructure (terminals, loading points, parking spaces, office spaces) for MMT
9. Insufficient buses for both companies
FLOODING OF MMT PREMISES
1. Inadequate space for infrastructure development
2. Obsolete plant and equipment
3. Inadequate funding
4. Difficulty in getting placement for students for internship
5. Flooding of center’s compound
WAYFORWARD FOR THE ROAD TRANSPORT SERVICES SUB-SECTOR
1. To seek Cabinet approval for increase(2%) in allocation from the Road Fund to NRSC
2. Establishment of a National Drivers Academy to promote continuous driver Education and Training
3. Engagement of Road Safety Champions to mainstream road safety into the socio cultural mindset of road users
4. Engagement of MMDA’s to institutionalize road safety at the Local Authority level
5. Mainstream Road Safety into the Academic Curricula of Basic Schools in Ghana
6. To seek cabinet approval for the implementation of Road Safety Policy document.
1. DVLA to Strengthen driver license administration through introduction of probationary licensing system
2. Explore the possibility of introducing epileptic test for existing commercial drivers as well as new applicants for driver’s license
3. Establish partnership with West African Examination Council with a view to ensure the implementation of credible theory test
4. Collaboration with NRSC and GTTC has begun a process of setting up a model National Training Institute for all categories of drivers
5. Develop standards for driver training and testing and standard specifications for vehicles
6. Strengthen DVLA regulatory and enforcement functions
7. Procure testing equipment for DVLA offices
1. Review operations of MMT to focus on its core functions of providing Intra City Schedule Bus Services
2. Acquire new buses for STC and MMT
3. The construction of effective drainage system to stop persistent flooding of premises at STC and MMT Headquarters
4. Acquisition of modern tools and equipment for STC
5. Assist the Private Sector to acquire buses through the establishment of a Private Sector Vehicle renewal project
TRAINING INSTITUTE (GTTC)
1. Pursue strategic plan to relocate the Centre to a more convenient premises
2. Replace obsolete plant and equipment as well as worn-out tools.
3. Implement pilot training for commercial vehicle drivers and Operators of earth-moving and construction equipment.
4. Liaise with University of Education, Winneba for Staff training.
): Post Your Comments >>
|Disclaimer: Opinions expressed here are those of the writers and do not reflect those of Peacefmonline.com. Peacefmonline.com accepts no responsibility legal or otherwise for their accuracy of content. Please report any inappropriate content to us, and we will evaluate it as a matter of priority.
|Other Meet The Press Stories